Endowment Plan Vs Fixed Deposit-Which One To Choose In 2024

Updated On: 2024-01-14

Author : Team Policybachat

In a myriad of investment options, choosing the right investment plan is paramount, especially when it comes to securing your financial future. Two popular options that often find themselves are the Endowment Plan and Fixed Deposit. These investment options are suitable for those seeking a secure and stable foundation for their financial future. In this article, we delve into endowment plans vs fixed deposits comparison in various areas such as risk, returns, features, benefits, taxation and more and assist you in making an informed decision tailored to your financial aspirations.

What is an Endowment Plan and How Does It Work?

An endowment plan is a financial product that combines life insurance with savings or investment components. It is a type of life insurance policy that provides coverage for a specified period. Endowment life insurance plans are typically sold with a fixed term, such as 10, 15, or 20 years and more. During this time, the policyholder makes regular payments to the insurance company.

If the policyholder dies before the end of the policy term, their beneficiaries will receive the lump sum amount as a death benefit. However, if the policyholder survives the term of the policy, the insurance company pays out a predetermined sum assured plus any accumulated interest as a maturity benefit.

Here is an illustration example case scenario on how does endowment plan work: -

  • Age of Policyholder: 35 Years
  • Sum Assured: Rs.30 Lakhs
  • Policy Term: 20 Years
  • Premium Payment Term: 15 Years
  • Premium Payment Frequency: Monthly
  • Premium Amount: Rs. 13000*

Note: Premiums may vary based on the data entered by the policyholder. To get the exact premium rates, compare quotes at PolicyBachat.

Death Benefit:

In the unfortunate demise of the policyholder during the policy term, the nominees or beneficiaries will receive the sum assured, i.e., Rs. 30 Lakhs.

Maturity Benefit:

If the policyholder survives the entire policy term, he will receive the maturity benefit. The maturity benefit typically includes the sum assured plus any bonuses or returns generated by the investment component. Let’s assume that, at the end of 20 years, the maturity benefit is Rs. 30 Lakhs + 20 Lakhs (Bonuses).

What is a Fixed Deposit and How Does It Work?

A Fixed Deposit (FD) is a popular financial instrument offered by banks and financial institutions. It is a low-risk investment option where an individual deposits a specific sum of money for a predetermined period at a fixed interest rate. The tenure of a fixed deposit can vary, usually ranging from a few days to several years based on the bank or financial institution.

Investors can choose the tenure or duration for which they want to keep their money locked in the fixed deposit. The interest rate offered often depends on the tenure, with longer-term deposits generally fetching higher interest rates. The interest rate remains constant throughout the agreed-upon period, shielding investors from fluctuations in market rates.

Once an individual decides on the amount to invest and the tenure of the deposit, they deposit the funds into the account. The financial institution, in turn, promises to pay back the principal along with accrued interest at the end of the maturity period. The interest can be compounded quarterly, half-yearly, or annually, depending on the terms of the FD. Premature withdrawals may incur penalties, and the interest earned is generally subject to taxation as per the prevailing rules.

Here is an illustration example case scenario on How Fixed Deposits Will Work: -

  • Total Investment: Rs. 10 Lakhs
  • Interest Rate: 7.5%
  • Tenure: 5 Years


After 5 years Investor will get the investment amount + Interest amount

  • Investment Amount: Rs. 10 Lakhs
  • Interest Amount: Rs. 4.5 Lakhs
  • Total Returns: Rs. 14.5 Lakhs

Endowment Plans Vs Fixed Deposits (FDs) Comparison

Aspect Endowment Plans Fixed Deposits
Nature of Investment Insurance cum investment product. Pure investment with no insurance component.
Purpose Long-term financial goals and life coverage. Short to medium-term investment and capital preservation.
Returns Maturity benefits, bonuses Fixed interest rate for the entire tenure.
Risk Level Lower risk due to insurance component. Lower risk as returns is predetermined.
Liquidity Less liquid, surrendering the policy early may result in reduced returns. More liquid but may have penalties for premature withdrawals.
Tenure Long-term commitment, from 10 years to 30 years Flexible tenure options, ranging from 7 days to 10 years (based on the bank)
Flexibility Limited flexibility once the plan is chosen. More flexibility in choosing tenure and withdrawal options.
Tax Implications Tax benefits on premiums paid and maturity proceeds under Section 80C and 10(10D). Interest income is taxable, but there are tax-saving FDs available.
Death Benefits Provides a death benefit in addition to the maturity benefit. No death benefits
Purpose of Investment Combines insurance protection with wealth accumulation. Primarily for conservative investors seeking capital preservation.
Interest Rate Returns may vary based on bonuses and market performance. Fixed interest rate determined at the time of deposit.
Market Dependency Returns may be influenced by market conditions. Not directly influenced by market fluctuations.
Example Providers HDFC Life, ICICI Prudential Life, TATA AIA Life Insurance, etc. SBI Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, etc.

Difference between Pure Endowment Plans Vs Fixed Deposits (FDs) - Where to Invest?

The decision of where to invest between Pure Endowment Plans and Fixed Deposits (FDs) depends on individual financial objectives and risk appetites. Endowment Plans continue to be an attractive option for those seeking a blend of life coverage and long-term wealth accumulation. The insurance component provides a sense of security, and returns may include maturity benefits, and bonuses, making it suitable for individuals with extended financial goals. However, it's crucial to note that the performance of Endowment Plans can be influenced by market conditions, and investors should carefully evaluate policy terms and conditions before committing.

On the other hand, Fixed Deposits are a reliable choice for conservative investors, especially those prioritizing capital preservation and a predictable return. FDs offer a fixed interest rate throughout the tenure, ensuring a stable and known return on the investment. With flexible tenure options and relative liquidity, Fixed Deposits are well-suited for short to medium-term goals. Investors looking for a low-risk option with the convenience of predetermined returns may find Fixed Deposits to be a reliable choice in the current financial landscape. Ultimately, the decision between Endowment Plans and Fixed Deposits should align with an individual’s financial strategy and risk tolerance, considering the prevailing economic conditions and investment objectives.

What are the Factors to Be Considered While Making Investment?

Here are key factors to consider while making investments:

  • Define your short-term, medium-term, and long-term financial goals
  • Assess your risk tolerance
  • Consider the time frame for which you can commit your funds
  • Diversify your investment portfolio across different asset classes
  • Stay informed about current economic conditions, interest rates, inflation, etc.
  • Understand the tax implications of your investments.
  • Compare investment plans online
  • Periodically review and rebalance your investment portfolio

By carefully considering these factors, you can make informed investment decisions that align with your financial objectives and risk tolerance.


Choosing between an Endowment Plan and Fixed Deposits involves a careful evaluation of individual financial objectives, risk tolerance, and preferences. Both investment options offer unique features and cater to different needs. Consider comparing different types of investment plans online to ensure that your investment strategy aligns with your overall financial plan, providing a balanced and tailored approach to wealth creation and protection.

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