Types Of Life Insurance Plans In India 2024

Updated On: 2023-04-07

Author : Team Policybachat

Life Insurance is a contract between the insurance company and the insured customer in which the insurance company agrees to pay the agreed amount known as Sum assured in the event of death or disability of the policyholder due to an insured peril for a consideration from the customer known as Premium amount. Life insurance is considered one of the best financial tools available in the markets as it covers both the investment and insurance parts under a single policy.

Life insurance policies, in general, are long term insurance policies, unlike general insurance policies which are valid for a single year. The life insurance policies are designed to protect the life of individuals and therefore provide financial security to the deceased family. The maximum liability of the insurance company in case of a life insurance policy is the sum assured selected by the insured customer.

Benefits of Life Insurance Plans

Life insurance plans provide life cover that protects you and your family in case of an unexpected event happens. Some of the benefits of life insurance plans in India are

Financial Security:

A life insurance policy helps to minimize the risk of financial difficulties which would be faced by the families in case of the sudden death of the policyholder. According to the life insurance definition, the insurance provider agrees to pay the nominee or beneficiary the pre-defined sum assured. As a result, even in the policyholder’s absence, his family stays protected.

Long Term Savings:

Apart from life insurance cover some life insurance plans also offer you the opportunity to create wealth. If one wants to make long-term investments, it’s important to think about life insurance meaning. Such insurance plans help you make systematic savings and create wealth that can be used for your future goals.

Tax Savings:

Life insurance offers tax dual benefits under prevailing laws as per Income Tax Act, 1961. The life insurance premium paid can be availed as a tax deduction under section 80C. You can avail of a deduction of up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. The maturity insurance plans may be completely tax-free. This tax benefit is under Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act.

Save Money:

The life insurance plans give financial security to the family of the policyholder. The premium paid by the customer is depending on age, life expectancy, and health, and gender. Life insurance gives you the ability to stick at low premium rates while you’re young. If you buy the same policy when you are older, you will be paying a much higher premium compared to if you bought the same plan when you were younger.

Achieve long-term goals:

Life insurance helps you achieve your long-term goals such as buying a home or planning your retirement, child education, traveling abroad, etc.

Peace of Mind:

Death is unavoidable. In the case of your absence, your family may face financial difficulties so the least you can do for your family is to secure their financial future with a life insurance policy.

What are the Types of Life Insurance Plans?

There are different  available such as

  • Term Life Insurance Plans
  • Whole Life Insurance Plans
  • Unit Linked Insurance Plans
  • Retirement Life Insurance Plans
  • Child Life insurance Plans
  • Money-Back Life Insurance

Let us understand briefly the life insurance policy types available in the Indian market and who should take what type of policy and How to choose a life insurance policy.

Term Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

Term life insurance is an agreement between the insurance company and the insured customer in which the term insurance policy company agrees to pay a certain amount known as sum assured in case of the death of the policyholder within the term mentioned in the policy copy. If the policyholder survives the term, no survival benefit in term insurance would be provided to the policyholder.

The term insurance policy as the name suggests is given for a particular period of a term such as 5 years, 10 years, and so on depending on the requirement of the customer. The policyholder is covered against death and or disability within the term as mentioned in the policy copy.

In the event of death of the policyholder, the sum assured is paid to the nominee or legal heir as a lump sum or in installments depending on the option selected by the policyholder at the time of purchasing the policy. The most preferred option of payout is the lump sum option by the policyholders whereas some customers prefer installment payouts that can cover the monthly expenses of the family after the death of the policyholder.

The pure term insurance policy covers only the death of the policyholder within the term mentioned in the policy. Under the term insurance policy, coverage can be extended to the disability and cancer treatment by opting for riders after paying the extra premium payment with the base term insurance policy. Compare PolicyBachat term insurance plans to know about the Indian market best term insurance. 

Who should take it?

The term insurance policy is suggested by many of the financial advisors to be taken to secure your family’s financial future in case of your untimely death. The term insurance policy as mentioned covers only the death of the policyholder during the policy period and no survival benefit is provided in case the policyholder survives the policy period.

Hence, one should consider a term insurance policy only for the purpose of financial assistance to the family in case of the policyholder’s sudden demise and not as an investment. The proceedings from the term insurance policy are given to the family of the deceased and therefore it is not considered as an investment.


For instance,  let us assume that Mr. Ritz is the only bread earner in the family of four and had taken a personal loan recently, he works with an MNC and takes around 10Lac CTC. Assuming he incurs Rs.50k as monthly expenses, without which his family would face a financial crunch, he has to take at least Rs.1 Crore sum assured term insurance policy by keeping the future and the inflation in mind.

In case of his sudden demise in the fifth year after taking the policy, the insurance company will settle the claim amount of Rs.1 Crore to the family. In this particular scenario, the family can use the amount to clear the loan and utilize the remaining amount for monthly expenditure. As there are no other bread earners in the family, the proceedings from the life insurance policy will act as the source of expenditure amount.

Whole Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

Whole life insurance is the extension of the term insurance policy. In whole life insurance, the insurance coverage is provided till the death of the policyholder or till attaining 99 years of age. Since the coverage if for a complete lifetime, it is known as Whole life insurance. While the term insurance policy has a particular period of time for which the coverage is offered the whole life insurance policy is covered for the lifetime of the policyholder.

All the other terms and conditions would be the same as the term insurance policy except for the fact that the chances of getting the claim are higher in the whole life insurance as the coverage is till the death of the policyholder. Since the coverage is till the death of the policyholder, Survival benefit would be possible under the whole life insurance policy in rare cases if the policyholder survives the policy period.

Who should take it?

A whole life insurance policy is preferred by a person who wants to cover their entire life against any unfortunate events and to pass the proceedings to their grandchildren. Technically the life insurance coverage should only be up to the age of 60 years or till the age of retirement. The need for financial security to the family arises if a person is working and after retirement, there would be retirement regular income which would be sufficient for the family and one achieves their financial milestones before retirement.


For instance, let us assume that a person wants to take a whole life insurance policy, and then he has the option to pay the premium for a particular period of years, say 5 years, and enjoy the coverage for whole life or pay the premium in regular instalments. In case of the death of the policyholder at the age of 80 years, the claim proceedings are paid to the family of the policyholder which can act as a pension amount to the spouse.

Endowment Life Insurance Plans:

What Is It?

What is Endowment Life Insurance Policy? An Endowment policy is a life insurance plan which apart from covering the life of the insured against uncertain death, helps to save a certain amount of money regularly over a period of time. In short, an endowment policy consists of both the Insurance coverage and the Savings option. This amount saved under the endowment life insurance policy is known as the maturity amount and is paid to the policyholder in case he/she survives the policy period or dies during the policy period.

This savings component is paid to the nominee in case of the death of the policyholder or to the policyholder in case of maturity if the policy is a survival benefit and can be used for Children’s education, Marriage expense, or purchasing a home. Thus any term insurance policy with a saving component and insurance component can be considered as an Endowment policy.

Types of Endowment plans: They are basically two types- with profit and without profit. One can choose the plan depending on the requirement and future planning such as Children's Education expenses, Marriage expenses, etc. Once upon a time, the endowment plans were the most preferred option by the people, and also many cases of mis-selling were reported by common people against the insurance agents.

Who should take it?

Endowment plans can be taken by people who require a steady stream of income and need a lump sum amount after a certain period of time. Also, people who are not willing to take heavy risks on their investment and are ok with the lesser returns can go for the endowment insurance policies.

However, if you are interested in only life cover and not in the savings component, then it is advisable to go for a term insurance policy. This is because the term insurance policy offers a high sum insured at low premiums compared to the Endowment plans which are costly as the savings component is included in the policy.


For example, if you want to get a sum assured of around Rs.20 Lacs after a period of 15 years then you need to pay at least Rs.1 Lac per year under the Endowment plan. But under a term plan for the same sum assured amount you need to pay only Rs.4000 as a yearly premium. In the case of endowment plans both the death benefit and the survival benefit is paid but in the case of Term plans only the death benefit is paid to the nominee of the policyholder.

The endowment plans are quite costlier compared to the term plans and to amass a corpus of Rs.1 Crore one needs to invest a hefty amount of premium every year for a certain period of time.

Unit Linked Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

A Unit Linked Insurance Policy is a term insurance policy with Insurance coverage and Investment. ULIP policy provides death benefit- in case the policyholder expires within the policy period and also Survival benefit- in case the policyholder survives the policy term. The death benefit provided is with the premium collected under the insurance portion of the policy and the survival benefit is paid with the premium collected and invested by the insurance company. There are two ULIP life insurance plan types -Type 1 and Type 2 both of these have their own advantages.

ULIP policies have the investment component where a part of the premium collected from the customer is invested into the debts to purchase units which over a period of time develop in conjunction with the market and generate revenue to the policyholder. The policyholder has the option to decide the funds in which the premium should be invested and also the option of the asset class is given to the policyholder. The policyholder can select the funds in which he/she wants the amount to be invested and the returns are purely dependent on the market conditions prevailing at the time of maturity.

Who should take it?

Since ULIPs are considered as the investment options with insurance coverage, people who wish to take risks as per their risk appetite and expect long term returns can go for ULIPs after thoroughly analyzing the performance for the past few years. ULIPs also offer financial protection against certain uncertain events along with the investment option, therefore, making them a long term financial planning tool.

ULIPs also offer Income tax exemptions depending on the premium paid under the ULIPs. The most important thing to remember while purchasing ULIPs is that these are meant for long-term investments where even bonuses or additions to your existing portfolio can be availed from the insurance companies. One can switch the fund option between debts, balanced, and equity anytime after if he/she is not satisfied with the performance of the current portfolio.


For example, if a customer pays a certain amount as a premium of which a part of the premium is utilized to purchase the units; this has the Net Asset Value of the fund. The value of the unit increases or decreases depending on the performance of the fund the policyholder has invested. The final amount that the policyholder receives as a survival benefit depends on the value of the units which in turn depends on the fund performance. The value is determined by external factors as well as internal factors. ULIP is a purely market-oriented policy that performs as per the market.

Money Back Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

Money Back plans as the name suggests returns the money invested by the policyholder. In a money-back life insurance policy, the policyholder can get a certain percentage of amounts at regular intervals, instead of getting the lump sum amount at the end of the term. It can be termed as the Endowment plan with a liquidity option.

The money back plan also provides a sum assured at the time of death of the policyholder or on the maturity of the policy apart from the money withdrawn at regular intervals. A certain percentage of money is paid back to the policyholder at certain intervals of time under the Money back policy. In case the policyholder expires during the policy period the entire sum assured under the policy is paid to the nominee irrespective of the benefits paid during the policy period.

A money back policy is preferred by those people who are looking for regular payouts during the policy period in addition to the death benefit. The periodic intervals under the life insurance policies types of money back policy can be for Marriage purposes or Construction of houses or any other purpose.

Who should take it?

Money back plans have the highest liquidity factor compared to any other life insurance policy. It is useful for people who are risk-averse and at the same time need regular payouts during different stages of policy period can prefer the money-back life insurance plans. The greatest advantage of a money-back policy is that it provides term insurance with survival benefits periodically in addition to the death benefit. In other endowment policies, the survival benefit is provided to the policyholder only after the policy period whereas in the money-back plan the survival benefit is provided periodically.

In case of an unfortunate event, the death benefit is paid to the nominee of the policyholder irrespective of the survival benefit paid to the policyholder. Hence the money back term insurance plans are costly compared to the other endowment plans due to the advantage of liquidity options.


For instance,  if you have a money back policy for a period of 15 years then you can opt for periodic installments every 5 years and if you expire within the policy period then the death benefit will be paid irrespective of the survival benefit. If the money back option opted was Rs.50k and the death benefit opted is Rs.15Lacs, after the second installment if the policyholder expires then a total of Rs.1 Lac + Rs.15 Lacs would be received by the policyholder and his/her nominee.

Child Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

A child plan is a type of life insurance plan that is a combination of both the investment and the insurance to ensure a safe future for your child. The child plans are typically classified into two types- Market linked and Non-market-linked plans. The market-linked plans are similar to that of the Unit Linked Insurance Plans where the final maturity benefit depends on the performance of the funds selected by the policyholder/the parent. Non-market linked plans are a form of Endowment plans which offer a fixed rate of return to the customer as a maturity benefit after the completion of the policy period.

These plans also provide flexible payout options at certain intervals of the policy period which can be used for the different stages of education of your child. Child plans are plans where the customer can invest his money to secure the future of his/her child against higher education or Marriage. In case of any unfortunate event to you, the future premiums can be waived under the child policy without affecting the future of the child.

In a ULIP child plan, a part of your money goes into securing your child’s life against any uncertainties and the other part goes into investment for your child’s future. The investment part can be a mix of debts and equities and the final output depends on the fund performance.

Who should take it?

Child plans are the best forms of investment for your children as the plans have the insurance component as well the investment component. The insurance component covers the future against any uncertain events while the investment component grows to take care of the future education expenses of your child.

This plan is preferred by parents who wish to save for the future of their children in particular for educational purposes, where it is possible to make periodic instalments under this plan at different stages of education of the child. Due to the rising education costs & inflation each day it is very much important for parents to consider Child plans for the future of your children.

Retirement or Annuity Life Insurance Plans:

What is it?

Retirement plans are insurance plans which help people meet their expenses after their retirement with periodic payments by the insurance company. Retirement plans can generally be of two types: One is where the policyholder will invest the amount over a period of time to attain a corpus and after which the insurance company will pay periodic installments to the policyholder after his/her retirement. The other is where the policyholder can purchase an annuity plan by paying a lump sum amount and the insurance company will start paying the monthly amount immediately or after a period of time as selected by the policyholder.

The major advantage of pension plans is that the insurance cover is also available with the investment option. The amount collected from the policyholder is invested in safe bonds by the insurance companies and the period instalments are paid to the policyholder. The policyholder can opt for the same amount of payout each month or increase payout depending on the expenses of the policyholder.

Retirement plans also have the option of including your spouse in the same plan in which the survivor will receive the pension amount in case of the death of a member. The accumulated amount over a period of years is given back to the policyholder as a monthly pension or annuity at regular intervals of time depending on the option selected by the policyholder.

Who should take it?

Any person who wishes to have a steady income after retirement can take Retirement or Annuity plans. Annuity plans or Retirement plans are the most famous retirement tools which help customers with their post-retirement requirements. The lifestyle after retirement can be balanced by investing in the retirement plans at a very early stage of purchasing the annuity plan after getting the retirement corpus.

In the case of long-term savings for Annuity plans, the premium amount to be paid depends on the sum assured required at the time of retirement. The higher the investment amount, the higher would be the payout at the time of retirement.

How to Compare Life Insurance Plans?

Life insurance is an essential part of your financial portfolio, making it possible for you to give your loved ones a secured future. The process of buying a life insurance plan online has become simple with PolicyBachat. For buying a life insurance plan online please visit our website Policybachat.com Following steps to compare the life insurance policy online in our portal

  • Step 1: Firstly, Enter the details such as Gender, Annual income from all the sources, Alcohol consumption and tobacco consumption, type of occupation, and salary, and Date of Birth. After this, you need to enter your contact details to facilitate a call from our agent.
  • Step 2: Now the premium from different insurance companies will be displayed on the screen. You can edit the details such as Coverage, Term, Premium payment method, Mode of claim settlement, etc. Submit the details to get the desired premium. The premium can be changed by changing other factors such as Coverage required, mode of payment, etc.
  • Step 3: The next step is to select the best life insurance plan and pay the premium to the insurance company before proceeding to fill the proposal form details.

FAQs of Life Insurance Plans:

What are the Features of Life Insurance Plans?

  • Death benefits
  • Maturity benefits
  • Tax benefits
  • Rider/Add-on covers
  • Sum Assured
  • Claim Assistance
  • Customizable tenure
  • Flexible premium payments

How much does life insurance cost?

Different types of life insurance plans have different premium rates, based on some factors such as age, annual income, medical conditions, liabilities, lifestyle, etc. are decided the premium of your life insurance policy. However, amongst the many life insurance plans in India, the best life insurance plan is one that provides high coverage at low premiums.

Can I purchase two different types of life policies at the same time?

Yes, you can buy different types of life insurance plans at the same time.

What Kinds of Deaths are Covered in Life Insurance Plans India?

The life insurance plans cover both Natural and Accidental deaths. In case of death due to any illness or diseases or old age is termed as Natural death in life insurance while any death as a result of an accident is known as Accidental death. Death due to murder is covered subject to the nominee or the legal heir not being involved in the murder of the policyholder.

How is a Term Insurance Plan different from other Life Insurance Plans?

Term insurance is a type of life insurance plan which only focuses on the coverage of the life and the claim is payable only in case of death of the policyholder while the other life insurance plans are seen as a tool for savings. Other life insurance plans provide both the maturity benefit as well as a death benefit to the policyholder. Term insurance is typically an insurance tool to provide claims in case of death while the other life insurance plans are saving tools.

For the best life insurance plans please visit www.policybachat.com where we have a dedicated team of agents to assist you with your life insurance requirements.

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