Common Medical Test For Term Insurance In India 2024

Updated On: 2024-03-23

Author : Team Policybachat

Are you considering purchasing a term insurance plan? Before you buy term insurance policies, it’s essential to understand the common medical tests required to secure coverage. These tests play a pivotal role in the underwriting process, determining not only your eligibility for coverage but also the premium rates you’ll pay.

In this article, we’ll delve into the specifics of these medical tests, their significance, and how they impact your term insurance policy. Whether you’re a first-time insurance buyer or looking to switch your policy, understanding these medical examinations is crucial for making informed decisions about your financial future.

Why Medical Test for Term Life Insurance is Important and How Does It Matter?

Medical tests are crucial for term life insurance, as they help insurance companies assess the applicant’s health status and determine the risk associated with insuring them.

  • Risk Assessment: Medical tests provide vital information about the applicant’s health, including pre-existing conditions, lifestyle, and potential risk factors for future health complications. This information allows insurers to evaluate the chance of the applicant filing a claim during the policy term.
  • Underwriting Decision: The results of medical tests play a significant role in the underwriting process, where insurers determine the premium amount and coverage eligibility for the applicant. Individuals with better health profiles typically receive lower premiums, while those with higher health risks may face higher premiums.
  • Affordable Pricing: Medical tests help insurers accurately price their policies based on the applicant’s risk profile. This ensures fairness in pricing, where individuals with lower health risks pay premiums that reflect their lower chance of making claims, while those with higher risks contribute premiums comparable with their increased chance of claiming benefits.
  • Claims Processing: Comprehensive medical evaluations conducted during the underwriting process establish a baseline for the applicant’s health status at the time of policy issuance. Insurers can refer to these records in the event of a claim to verify the applicant’s health condition and prevent fraudulent claims related to undisclosed pre-existing conditions.

Common Term Insurance Medical Test List in India

Here is a common list of medical tests often included in the underwriting process for term insurance:

Blood Test Urine Test Kidney Function Test (KFT) Electrocardiogram (ECG) Test
Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test Routine Urinalysis Blood Sugar Test Blood Pressure Measurement
Treadmill Test Microalbuminuria Echocardiography Chest X-ray
Liver Function Test  (LFT) Body Mass Index (BMI) Test Fasting Plasma Glucose Ultrasonography
Thyroid Function Test (TFT) Comprehensive Trail-Making Test Lipid Profile (Cholesterol levels) HIV Antibody Test
  • Blood Test: Blood tests assess various parameters such as cholesterol levels, liver function, and blood sugar levels to evaluate overall health status and detect any abnormalities.
  • Urine Test: Urine tests, including routine urinalysis and microalbuminuria, help assess kidney function and screen for urinary tract infections or other abnormalities.
  • Kidney Function Test (KFT): KFT evaluates kidney function by measuring levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, crucial for detecting kidney disease or dysfunction.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) Test: ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart, aiding in the diagnosis of heart rhythm abnormalities or signs of ischemic heart disease.
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test: CBC assesses the quantity and quality of blood cells, providing insights into the overall health and identifying conditions such as anemia or infections.
  • Blood Sugar Test: Blood sugar tests, including fasting plasma glucose, help diagnose diabetes or monitor blood sugar levels, crucial for assessing metabolic health.
  • Blood Pressure Measurement: Blood pressure measurement is essential for evaluating cardiovascular health and identifying hypertension, a significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
  • Treadmill Test: Treadmill tests, also known as stress tests, evaluate heart function and detect coronary artery disease by monitoring the heart's response to physical exertion.
  • Echocardiography: Echocardiography uses sound waves to create images of the heart’s structure and function, aiding in the diagnosis of heart conditions such as valve disorders or heart failure.
  • Chest X-ray: Chest X-rays provide images of the heart, lungs, and surrounding structures, helping diagnose conditions such as pneumonia, lung cancer, or heart enlargement.
  • Liver Function Test (LFT): LFT assesses liver health by measuring levels of enzymes, proteins, and bilirubin, crucial for detecting liver disease or dysfunction.
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) Test: BMI calculation based on height and weight helps assess weight-related health risks such as obesity or underweight conditions.
  • Thyroid Function Test (TFT): TFT evaluates thyroid hormone levels, crucial for diagnosing thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
  • Lipid Profile (Cholesterol levels): Lipid profile tests measure cholesterol levels in the blood, including HDL, LDL, and triglycerides, essential for assessing cardiovascular risk.
  • HIV Antibody Test: HIV antibody tests screen for the presence of antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus, crucial for diagnosing HIV infection.

Factors Affecting Term Insurance Medical Tests

Several factors influence term insurance medical tests:-

  • Claim Rejection: Medical test results can impact the chance of claim rejection. If pre-existing conditions are detected, claims related to these conditions may be rejected, especially if the death or critical illness is linked to them.
  • Premium Increase: Health conditions identified in medical examinations may result in higher premium amounts for a given sum assured. This increase reflects the increased risk associated with insuring individuals with certain health issues.
  • Reduced Coverage: Pre-existing diseases or the risk of specific illnesses revealed in medical check-ups often lead to reduced coverage periods offered by insurers. This adjustment is made due to the higher chance of untimely death or critical illness associated with these conditions.

Procedure for Medical Test for Term Insurance Policy

The procedure for medical tests for a term insurance policy involves several steps:

  • Step 1: The applicant submits a completed application form to the insurance company, either online or offline.
  • Step 2: Upon receiving the application, the insurance company schedules a medical examination for the applicant. The appointment may be arranged at a designated diagnostic centre or conducted by a medical professional appointed by the insurer.
  • Step 3: At the scheduled appointment, the applicant undergoes various medical tests depending on the applicant’s age, sum assured, and medical history. The expense of the medical examinations is borne by the insurance company.
  • Step 4: The applicant may be required to provide identification documents and any relevant medical records or reports during the medical examination.
  • Step 5: After the medical tests are completed, the results are reviewed by medical professionals affiliated with the insurance company to assess the applicant’s health status and determine the risk associated with insuring them.
  • Step 6: Based on the medical test results and other factors such as age, lifestyle habits, and medical history, the insurance company makes an underwriting decision regarding coverage eligibility and premium pricing.
  • Step 7:  If the applicant meets the insurer’s underwriting criteria, the insurance policy is issued, and the applicant becomes a policyholder upon payment of the premium.

What are Video and Tele-Medical Tests in Term Insurance

Video and tele-medical tests in term insurance represent innovative approaches to conducting medical assessments remotely, leveraging technology to streamline the underwriting process. These methods involve using video conferencing platforms or telemedicine services to facilitate virtual medical examinations for insurance applicants.

During a video medical test, an applicant connects with a qualified medical professional via video call, who conducts a remote assessment by asking questions about medical history, and lifestyle habits, and performing visual examinations.

Similarly, tele-medical tests may involve the use of specialized medical devices at the applicant’s location, which are remotely operated and monitored by healthcare professionals to collect vital health data.

Video and tele-medical tests offer convenience and accessibility, allowing individuals to undergo medical evaluations from the comfort of their homes or offices, eliminating the need for in-person visits to diagnostic centers.

Term Insurance without Medical Test in India

In India, not all term insurance plans need policyholders to undergo medical tests for eligibility. Typically, some insurance companies waive the requirement for medical tests, especially for younger applicants. However, upon reaching 40 years of age or above, insurance companies often mandate a medical examination as part of the application process. The results of these tests significantly influence the premium amount and coverage period of the policy. Healthy individuals tend to qualify for lower premiums, extended coverage durations, and higher sums assured. Consequently, these medical evaluations play a crucial role in determining the terms and conditions of the policy, ensuring affordable premiums and coverage for policyholders across different age groups and health statuses.

Wrapping Up

Medical tests for term insurance play a pivotal role in assessing the health status of applicants and determining the terms and conditions of the policy. These tests help insurers evaluate the risk associated with insuring individuals, influencing factors such as claim acceptance, premium amounts, and coverage periods.

By providing transparency and fairness in underwriting, medical tests contribute to the reliability of term insurance policies, ensuring that policyholders receive appropriate coverage tailored to their health risks and financial needs.

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