Important Features Of Life Insurance Must Know In India 2024

Updated On: 2023-07-23

Author : Team Policybachat

Life insurance is a vital financial tool that provides security and peace of mind to individuals and their loved ones. Understanding the features of life insurance is crucial for making informed decisions about which policy best aligns with one's needs and goals. From the essential death benefit to the tax advantages and various policy types available, this article explores the key features of life insurance in detail. Whether you're a first-time buyer or looking to enhance your existing coverage, delving into these features will empower you to make sound financial choices and safeguard the future for yourself and your family. Let's dive into the world of life insurance and discover the comprehensive protection it offers.

What is Life Insurance?

Life insurance is a financial contract between an individual (the policyholder) and an insurance company. In exchange for regular premium payments, the insurance company provides a lump sum amount, known as the death benefit, to the designated beneficiaries upon the death of the insured during the policy term. This payout aims to provide financial protection and support to the insured's family or dependents in the event of their untimely demise.

Life insurance serves as a crucial tool in personal financial planning, helping individuals secure their loved one's financial future and protect against unforeseen circumstances. The policyholder selects the sum assured, which represents the amount that will be paid to the beneficiaries upon the insured's death. Apart from the death benefit, some life insurance policies may also include a savings or investment component, allowing the policyholder to build cash value over time.

Life insurance policies come in various types, such as term life insurance, whole life insurance, endowment life insurance, retirement life insurance, money-back life insurance, child life insurance, unit-linked insurance, etc. each catering to different needs and financial objectives. Overall, life insurance plays a vital role in ensuring financial security and peace of mind for individuals and their families.

Important Features of Life Insurance Policy You Must Know

The features of life insurance refer to the specific characteristics and components that are inherent in life insurance policies. These features are designed to provide various benefits and protections to the policyholders and their beneficiaries. Life insurance policies in India come with several key features that cater to the diverse needs of policyholders. Below are some prominent features of life insurance policies in India:

  1. Death Benefit: The primary purpose of a life insurance policy is to provide financial protection to the family or nominees in case of the insured's death during the policy term. The sum assured or death benefit amount is paid out to the beneficiaries upon the insured's demise.
  2. Policy Term: Life insurance policies have a specific tenure known as the policy term. It indicates the duration for which the policy will remain in force. Policyholders can choose a term that aligns with their financial objectives.
  3. Premium Payments: Policyholders are required to pay premiums at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annually) to keep the policy active. The premium amount depends on factors like the sum assured, policy term, age, and the type of policy chosen.
  4. Maturity Benefit: In the case of policies with a survival benefit component, such as endowment plans or money-back policies, the insured receives the maturity benefit if they survive the policy term. This lump sum payment serves as a savings element and can be used to meet financial goals.
  5. Bonus and Loyalty Additions: Many traditional life insurance policies offer bonuses and loyalty additions over and above the sum assured. These are additional payouts that policyholders receive based on the insurer's performance and the type of policy held.
  6. Nomination and Assignment: Policyholders have the option to nominate a person who will receive the policy benefits in the event of the insured's death. Additionally, the policy can be assigned to another person, such as a creditor, with the necessary endorsement.
  7. Surrender Value and Policy Loans: Life insurance policies often acquire a surrender value after a certain number of premiums have been paid. Policyholders can surrender the policy and receive the surrender value if they wish to discontinue it. Additionally, some policies allow policyholders to take loans against the cash value of the policy.
  8. Tax Benefits: Premiums paid towards life insurance policies are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Maturity proceeds and death benefits are also tax-exempt under Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act, subject to certain conditions.
  9. Riders and Add-ons: Policyholders can enhance the coverage of their life insurance policies by adding optional riders or add-ons. Common riders include critical illness rider, accidental death rider, disability rider, waiver of premium rider, etc.
  10. Flexible-Premium Payment Options: Some policies offer flexibility in premium payment, allowing policyholders to choose limited premium payment terms or opt for a single premium payment.
  11. Grace Period: Life insurance policies usually come with a grace period, during which the policy remains in force even if the premium payment is delayed. Policyholders need to pay the premium within this period to avoid policy lapses.
  12. Free Look Period: After purchasing a life insurance policy, policyholders have a specific free look period during which they can review the terms and conditions. If they are not satisfied, they can return the policy and receive a refund.

It's essential for individuals to thoroughly understand the features of a life insurance policy before purchasing one. Comparing policies from different insurers and assessing personal financial goals can help make an informed decision.

How to Choose the Right Life Insurance Policy?

Buying life insurance in India requires a systematic approach to compare the features of different plans and select the most suitable one. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you buy life insurance by comparing the features of each plan:

  • Assess Your Insurance Needs: Begin by evaluating your financial goals, family's needs, and existing financial responsibilities. Determine the amount of coverage (sum assured) and the policy term that aligns with your requirements.
  • Understand Policy Types: Familiarize yourself with the various types of life insurance plans available in India, such as term plans, endowment plans, whole life plans, money-back policies, and unit-linked insurance plans (ULIPs). Each plan comes with distinct features and benefits.
  • Research Insurance Providers: Look into the reputation, claim settlement ratio, and financial stability of insurance companies offering the plans. Choose a reliable and well-established insurer.
  • Compare Premiums: Premiums vary by policy and insurance company. Look for policies that fit your budget and provide the coverage you need.
  • Apply for the Chosen Plan: After comparing the features and selecting the most suitable plan, proceed with the application process. Submit the necessary documents and complete any medical examinations required by the insurer.

Step By Step Procedure to Buy the Best Life Insurance

The process of buying a life insurance policy online has become simple with PolicyBachat. Following the steps to purchase a life insurance policy online in our portal

  • Step 1: First, visit PolicyBachat's official website and then go to the Term/Investment tab. Enter the required details such as age, gender, income, habits, mobile number, email address, etc.
  • Step 2: Now the premium from different insurance companies will be displayed on the screen as per the data entered by you. Then you can edit the details such as coverage, policy term, premium payment method, etc. by clicking on the “Edit” button. Submit the details to get the desired premium.
  • Step 3: The next step is to compare the premiums and features of each company and select the best life insurance plan and pay the premium to the insurance company using multiple premium payment methods as per your convenience.


The features of life insurance play a vital role in providing comprehensive financial protection and security to individuals and their families. Understanding these key aspects is crucial when selecting the right life insurance policy to meet specific needs and financial goals.

By thoughtfully assessing financial needs, setting goals, and matching them with the appropriate life insurance plan, individuals can secure their family's financial future and create a lasting legacy of protection. Embracing the features of life insurance in India empowers us to navigate life's uncertainties with confidence, knowing that our loved ones will be shielded from financial hardships.

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